1 Corinthians 10:16–17 (NKJV) The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the *communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the *communion of the body of Christ? For we, though many, are one bread and one body; for we all partake of that one bread.
* koinónia: [BDAG]
1. close association involving mutual interests and sharing, association, communion, fellowship, close relationship
2. attitude of good will that manifests an interest in a close relationship, generosity, fellow-feeling, altruism
3. abstr. for concr. sign of fellowship, proof of brotherly unity, even gift, contribution
4. participation, sharing in something
koinónia with God (1 John 1:3, 2 Cor 13:14)
koinónia with other Christians (Acts 2.42, 1 John 1:3,7)
koinónia with those in need (Phil 4:15, 2 Cor 8:4)
54. Q. What do you believe concerning the holy catholic Christian church?
A. I believe that the Son of God, 1
out of the whole human race, 2
from the beginning of the world to its end, 3
gathers, defends, and preserves for himself, 4
by his Spirit and Word, 5
in the unity of the true faith, 6
a church chosen to everlasting life. 7
And I believe that I am 8
and forever shall remain
a living member of it. 9
1.Jn 10:11; Acts 20:28; Eph 4:11-13; Col 1:18. 2.Gen 26:4; Rev 5:9.
3.Is 59:21; 1 Cor 11:26. 4.Ps 129:1-5; Mt 16:18; Jn 10:28-30. 5.Rom 1:16; 10:14-17; Eph 5:26. 6.Acts 2:42-47; Eph 4:1-6. 7.Rom 8:29; Eph 1:3-14. 8.1 Jn 3:14, 19-21. 9.Ps 23:6; Jn 10:27, 28; 1 Cor 1:4-9; 1 Pet 1:3-5.
55. Q. What do you understand by the communion of saints?
that believers, all and everyone,
as members of Christ
have communion with him
and share in all his treasures and gifts. 1
that everyone is duty-bound
to use his gifts
readily and cheerfully
for the benefit and well-being
of the other members. 2
1.Rom 8:32; 1 Cor 6:17; 12:4-7, 12, 13; 1 Jn 1:3. 2.Rom 12:4-8; 1 Cor 12:20-27; 13:1-7; Phil 2:4-8.
The Greek word for church is ekklesia, which means “gathering” or “assembly,” coming from two Greek words meaning “called out ones.” The simplest definition of the church is a community of persons called by God through His Word and Spirit to be His people (Answer 54). More specifically, theologians often speak of the church in terms of catholicity, apostolicity, and unity. We believe in the catholic, or universal, church, a community not defined by culture or race but by one Lord and one baptism. We believe in the apostolic church, an institution built on the foundation of the doctrine of the apostles. And we believe in a united church, a group of diverse people and local expressions sharing, not simply a slogan or a religious experience but one true faith. As believers we belong to this holy church, owe to her our allegiance, and as part of this body owe each other our love and service. – Kevin DeYoung